AQA Jun 2014 Paper 5 Q7

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section b answer all questions in the spaces provided do not write outside the box the characteristic properties of transition metals include coloured ions complex formation and catalytic activity a consider the chromium complexes p and q cr h o aq red violet cr h o cl aq green explain with reference to oxidation states and electron configurations why the chromium ions in complexes p and q contain the same number of d electrons you should not consider the electrons donated by the ligands explain in terms of electrons why the complexes are different colours you are not required to explain why the observed colours are red violet and green marks wmp jun chem do not write outside the box b write an equation to show how the co nh aq ion reacts with diaminoethane explain the thermodynamic reasons why this reaction occurs marks question continues on the next page turn over wmp jun chem do not write outside the box c the toxic complex cisplatin is an effective anti cancer drug because it reacts with the dna in cancer cells preventing cell division c i draw the displayed structure of cisplatin on your structure show the value of one of the bond angles at platinum state the charge if any on the complex marks c ii when cisplatin is ingested an initial reaction involves one of the chloride ligands being replaced by water write an equation for this reaction mark c iii suggest how the risk associated with the use of this drug can be minimised mark wmp jun chem do not write outside the box d explain with the aid of equations how and why vanadium v oxide is used in the contact process marks turn over for the next question turn over wmp jun chem

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